Shildon Moor : A Haunt

Shildon Moor

The extensive common pasture known as Shildon moor was within the barony of Bywell, and was intercommoned by the townships of Acomb, Bearl, Bywell, Newton, Newton-hall, Stelling, Clarewood, Halton Shields,East Matfen, Nafferton, Ovington, and Walton. By the survey of the barony of Bywell made in T524, it appears that certain rents were paid under the name of ‘more silver,’ for the privilege of pasturing cattle on Shildon common, viz., Sir William Lisle, knight, 3s.; the vill of Welton, 13s.; and the vill of Halton Shields, 13s. 4d. In an abortive attempt for its enclosure, made in 171 1, this common was described as comprising ‘all those moors and commons commonly called and known by the several names of Great Shildon, Little Shildon, Kip-hill, Broom-edge, Welden, Ravens-hill, Holborn-rigg, Stelling-edge, Crooked-hill, Little-man, Black middens, Acomb moor, and Cross-edges, boundering on Weldon, Nafferton, and Ovington on the east, Corbridge fell and Thornbrough on the west, on the Roman Wall on the north, and on Bearl, Acomb, Stelling, Newton-hall, and Newton on the south.’ Although the project at that time was unsuccessful, it was revived in 1749, when an act of parliament was procured for the enclosure and division of the common.’ The act recites that William Fenwick, esq., was lord of the manor and barony, but provides that the commissioners shall not set out to him any part or share of the common ‘ in lieu of or as a compensation for any right or interest which the said William Fenwick or the lord or lords of the said manor and baronv of Bywell for the time being now hath or hereafter may have in the said common ‘ other than his or their freehold lands in respect of which right of common was claimed. The limestone quarries then open, with ten acres of land lying around the same, were to remain open, public roads were to be set out, and the remainder was to be divided amongst the persons interested ‘ in proportion and according to the clear yearly value on the 19th Mav 1750 of their respective enclosed lands and grounds lying and being within the several parishes aforementioned, in respect whereof they are intitled to such right of common as aforesaid.’

Research supports an association between extraversion and dopamine (DA) functioning. DA facilitates incentive motivation and the conditioning and incentive encoding of contexts that predict reward. Therefore, we assessed whether extraversion is related to the efficacy of acquiring conditioned contextual facilitation of three processes that are dependent on DA: motor velocity, positive affect, and visuospatial working memory. We exposed high and low extraverts to three days of association of drug reward (methylphenidate, MP) with a particular laboratory context (Paired group), a test day of conditioning, and three days of extinction in the same laboratory. A Placebo group and an Unpaired group (that had MP in a different laboratory context) served as controls. Conditioned contextual facilitation was assessed by (i) presenting video clips that varied in their pairing with drug and laboratory context and in inherent incentive value, and (ii) measuring increases from day 1 to Test day on the three processes above. Results showed acquisition of conditioned contextual facilitation across all measures to video clips that had been paired with drug and laboratory context in the Paired high extraverts, but no conditioning in the Paired low extraverts (nor in either of the control groups). Increases in the Paired high extraverts were correlated across the three measures. Also, conditioned facilitation was evident on the first day of extinction in Paired high extraverts, despite the absence of the unconditioned effects of MP. By the last day of extinction, responding returned to day 1 levels. The findings suggest that extraversion is associated with variation in the acquisition of contexts that predict reward. Over time, this variation may lead to differences in the breadth of networks of conditioned contexts. Thus, individual differences in extraversion may be maintained by activation of differentially encoded central representations of incentive contexts that predict reward.

 

Synthetic isn’t the opposite of analytic, you fool. It’s the opposite of symphonic!

 

Dans ce premier moment d’appréhension du phénomène, nous avions bien identifié les conséquences à l’œuvre du déclin de la fonction paternelle, sans pour autant distinguer clairement, à l’époque, fonction paternelle et fonction patriarcale.

 

The Framework of Culture makes possible the act of remixing. This Framework consists of two layers which function on a feedback loop.  The first layer takes effect when something is introduced in culture; such element will likely be different from what is commonly understood, and therefore it takes time for its assimilation. The second layer takes effect when that which is introduced attains cultural value and is appropriated or sampled to be reintroduced in culture. The first layer privileges research and development. Creative practice in all of the arts function on the second layer, which is why, more often than not, their production consists of appropriation, or at least citation of material with pre-defined cultural value. The two layers have actually been in place since culture itself came about, but their relation has changed with the growing efficiency in production and communication due to the rise of computing.

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“Are you really a ghost?” she asked carefully.

“I’m a real ghost, if that’s what you mean” it replied.

Advertising isn’t the solution, but then, it isn’t the problem. The problem is trying to make advertising either a solution or a problem when it is neither, and the solution is making advertising the solution to its own trying-to-be-a-problem, in order to solve a problem which is actually advertising its own solution!

 

“Ghosts haunted me all my life until I realized I was one myself. Then I saw that I was just a consumer and it was advertising that was eating me up”.

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